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What are the active elements that Hirudo Medicinalis extracts contain
Hirudo Medicinalis, contain a vast number of active enzymes which can act upon every system and sub-system connected with blood flow and microcirculation. Although their anticoagulant, other actions are also useful and effective :-


The most powerful known anticoagulant is also the best known leech enzyme :


Dilation of blood vessels necessary for a normal erection depends on a substance called nitric oxide. Enhances sexual performance for men and sexual health for women by maximizing blood flow to your sexual organs. Boosts your own nitric oxide levels, which maximizes blood flow to where you need it most.


Hirudin is an anticoagulant “blood thinner” peptide that occurs naturally is the salivary glands of the Medical.


Vasodilator. The leech vasodilator is a histamine-like substance and is found in the salivary cells. The release of histamines are a requirement for achieving orgasm. Histamine release during sexual activity is what causes the “sex flush” and may help improve sexual functioning by helping with the lengthening of orgasms and also more intense sexual enjoyment and pleasure.


Pheromone is a natural sexual attractant the body produces to subconsciously attract the opposite sex. This pheromone natural attractant can also contribute to intense love making during sexual foreplay and sexual intercourse . Chemicals in men’s bodies can cause their female sex partners to be more fertile, have more regular menstrual cycles and milder menopause.


Importance for Humans

The medicinal leech, has historically been used for medicinal purposes, mainly to remove “bad blood” from the diseased. This species is used to relieve pressure and restore circulation in tissue grafts where blood accumulation is likely such as severed fingers and ears. In addition, leech saliva is found to contain powerful antibiotics and anaesthetics which no doubt will prove useful in future medicinal practice (Sawyer, 1986).

A wide therapeutically effect of leeching is due to a presence of biologically active substances in their salivary glands. The most known of them is Hirudin. Hirudin has the following actions: anticoagulative, antithrombotic, thrombolytic, anti-ischemic, hypotensive, immunostimulative, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgetic, and anti-atherosclerotic. Biologically active substances from leech salivary glands are employed as a raw material for production of drugs and cosmetics.


Bark used on tumors in Japan . The oil is purgative and sometimes used like castor oil. Kernels are laxative stimulant, and sudorific. The irritant oil is rubbed on scalp as a hair stimulant. In Sumatra , pounded seeds, burned with charcoal, are applied around the navel forcositiveness. In Malaya , the pulped kernel enters poultices for headache, fevers, ulcers, and swollen joints. In Java, the bark is used for bloody diarrhea or dysentery. Bark juice with coconut milk is used for sprue. Malayans apply boiled leaves to the temples for headache and to the pubes for gonorrhea


It acts as an astringent, lightner and toner and is increasingly being used in the Skin and Body care business

Medicinal Uses :Action

anthelmintic, antipyretic, antiperiodic, carminative, expectorant, stimulant

Externally- resolvent, rubefacient, stimulant


According to Hartwell (1967-1971) coconuts are used in folk remedies for tumors. Reported to be anthelmintic, antidotal, antiseptic, aperients, aphrodisiac, astringent, bactericidal, depurative, diuretic, hemostat, pediculicide, purgative, refrigerant, stomachic, styptic, suppurative, and vermifuge, coconut, somewhere or other, is a folk remedy for abscesses, alopecia, amenorrhea, asthma, blenorrhagia, bronchitis, bruises, burns, cachexia, calculus, colds, constipation, cough, debility, dropsy, dysentery, dysmenorrhea, earache, erysipelas, fever, flu, gingivitis, gonorrhea, hematemesis, hemoptysis, jaundice, menorrhagia, nausea, phthisis, pregnancy, rash, scabies, scurvy, sore throat, stomach, swelling, syphilis, toothache, tuberculosis, tumors, typhoid, venereal diseases, and wounds (Duke and Wain, 1981).


Prevents blood clotting: Blood clotting can be induced by injury to the blood vessel wall and the alteration in the aggregating properties of blood platelets. A human study in 1997 showed that tocotrienols (from palm oil) supplementation can reduce restenosis of patients with carotid atherosclerosis. It was also reported that the vitamin E in palm oil inhibits human platelets from ‘sticking’ to each other. Other supporting evidence showed that a palm oil diet either increases the production of a hormone that prevents blood-clotting (prostacyclin) or decreases the formation of a blood-clotting hormone called thromboxane.


Ginger is used medically to help expel gas from the intestines and treat nausea from morning sickness, upset stomach, seasickness, and motion sickness. It is also used to help reduce fevers and lessen the symptoms of colds. In India the fresh and dried roots were considered distinct medicinal products. Fresh ginger has been used for cold-induced disease, nausea, asthma, cough, colic, heart palpitation, swellings, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, and rheumatism.

Ginger extracts have been extensively studied for a broad range of biological activities including antibacterial, anticonvulsant, analgesic, antiulcer, gastric antisecretory, antitumor, antifungal, antispasmodic, antiallergenic, and other activities. Gingerols have been shown to be inhibitors of prostaglandin biosynthesis. Danish researchers at Odense University have studied the anticoagulant properties of ginger and found that it was a more potent blood & emdash;clotting agent than garlic or onion


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